Weatherbury Farm Grain Tracker
From Planting to Harvest, Appalachian Hard White Winter Wheat (Whole & Sifted Appalachian Bread Flour) in the field:
Before planting the Appalachian Wheat, the fields are plowed and harrowed.
Appalachian Wheat is a winter planted grain. Most of our planting is done in the fall. This allows the crop to get a head start on weeds in the spring. With the wet weather in our area, this is a must. winter planted grains need to vernalize over the winter to produce grain. If you were to plant it in the spring, it would just look like grass and not develop any grain.
Close-up of Harrow
After the wheat is plowed, the field is harrowed. Harrowing creates a smooth surface for planting the wheat.
Planting Appalachian Wheat
After the fields are plowed and harrowed, the Appalachian Wheat is planted. On the front of the planter, there is also a harrow which smooths the field, giving the wheat the best possible growing conditions.
Frost Seeding Clover into Maxine Wheat
The clover suppresses weeds, aids in holding up the grain, increases soil organic matter, and eventually provides nitrogen to the next crop.
The fields of Appalachian Wheat emerging from Winter. The plants have already begun to tiller and put forth multiple stalks per plant.
Just over a month later, grains (which will be milled into bread flour) are developing in the wheat heads.
Appalachian Bread Flour in the field!
20 days later, the wheat is beginning to dry down.
Harvesting Appalachian Hard White Winter Wheat using our combine.
The threshed grains are retained in the body of the combine. The straw is deposited from the rear of the combine back unto the field. We either bale the straw to use for animal bedding or leave it in the field, where it will increase the organic matter of the soil.
Increasing the organic matter of the soil is one of the best ways to counter global warming.
Unloading the Appalachian Wheat into a gravity wagon. Aerators are then placed in the wagon to bring down the moisture of the grain. The grain is stored in the wagon until it is cleaned.
With visions of bread dancing in our heads!
Appalachian Wheat Facts 2022
In 2022, Appalachian Hard White Winter Wheat was grown in Independence Township on 3 fields, totaling 5.704 acres on the farm established by R. Meloy, Esquire in 1829. Meloy was a farmer, grain, stock and wool grower. More recently the farm was a dairy farm and a cattle farm. Weatherbury Farm has farmed this land since 2015. The farm has been certified organic since 2006.
The wheat was planted on four fields totaling 7.789 acres on October 15, 2022 .
Clover was frost seeded into the wheat on April 27 & 28, 2023. (The clover suppresses weeds, aids in holding up the grain, increases soil organic matter, and eventually provides nitrogen to the next crop.)
The Appalachian Wheat was harvested on July 6, 2023.
At the 2023 Washington County Fair, the Appalachian Wheat sheaf won 3rd place and the jar of Appalachian Wheat grains won 1st place.
For an illustrated explanation of how Weatherbury grains become flour, visit the from seed to flour page.
About Appalachian Hard White Winter Wheat
Appalachian is a hard white winter wheat. Because the humidity in our area increases the incidence of disease in the fields, the eastern United States is not hospitable to growing hard white wheats. Luckily for us, North Carolina State developed Appalachian White Wheat which flourishes in our region.
Appalachian wheat is milled into organic unbleached whole and sifted Appalachian bread flour.
Health benefits of Wheat
Wheat is an excellent source of protein, dietary fibers, manganese and selenium. Wheat’s fiber boosts the digestive process and improves overall metabolism. The vitamin B content of wheat provides you with energy. Additionally, the complex carbohydrates in wheat keeps you feeling fuller longer and give you energy over a longer period.
Managanese, which wheat is rich in, acts as a co-factor for greater than 300 enzymes involved in the production of insulin and glucose secretion. Wheat’s betaine content prevents chronic inflammation, which is a key constituent in rheumatic pains and diseases. Additionally, its anti-inflammatory property reduces the risk of ailments like osteoporosis, heart diseases, Alzheimer’s disease, cognitive decline, and type-2 diabetes.
To read more about Appalachian bread flour, please visit our products page.
More information on Appalachian Hard White Winter Wheat and other grains grown at Weatherbury Farm are on the grains we grow page.