Weatherbury Farm Grain Tracker
From Planting to Harvest, Milky Way Einkorn (Einkorn Flour, Einkorn Flakes & Einkorn Berries) in the field:
Before the einkorn is planted, the fields are plowed and harrowed.
The plows (foreground) turn over the earth and the harrow smooths fields.
Milky Way Einkorn is a winter planted grain — this means that the einkorn needs to vernalize to produce grain. If you were to plant it in the spring, it would just look like grass and not develop any grain.
Frost Seeding Milky Way Einkorn
Frost seeding is spinning clover on the field. The clover suppresses weeds, aids in holding up the grain and, eventually provides nitrogen to the next crop.
Closeup of Einkorn Field
In 2 1/2 months, the plants have grown and grain heads have formed on the einkorn.
The Milky Way Einkorn is beginning to dry down.
The Milky Way Einkorn is almost ready to harvest.
Harvesting Milky Way Einkorn
The einkorn is harvested with our combine. The einkorn grains remain in the body of the wagon, while the straw comes out the back and is deposited onto the field.
After harvest, the Milky Way Einkorn is loaded into a gravity wagon. Aerators are then placed in the wagon to bring down the moisture of the grain. The grain is stored in the wagon until it is debearded, cleaned and dehulle
Milky Way Einkorn Facts 2022
In 2022, Milky Way Einkorn was grown in Independence Township on on two fields of 3.113 acres on the farm known as “Pleasant View Farm.” This farm was established in 1824 by J.M Welsh. Welsh is listed in the Caldwell Atlas as a farmer, grain, stock and wool grower. The farm was dormant for many years; however since 2006, organic grains and hay were grown on this farm. Weatherbury Farm has farmed this land since 2017. The farm has been certified organic since 2006.
The einkorn was planted on October 25,2022.
Clover was frost seeded into the grain on April 3, 2023. (The clover suppresses weeds, aids in holding up the grain and, eventually provides nitrogen to the next crop.)
The einkorn was harvested on July 24, 2023.
At the 2023 Washington County Fair, both the sheaf of Milky Way Emmer the jar of Milky Way Einkorn won 3rd place.
For an illustrated explanation of how Weatherbury grains become flour, visit the from seed to flour page.
About Milky Way Einkorn
Einkorn is one of the three ancient hulled wheats. And even today at taste testings, einkorn flat bread always rates best. At Weatherbury Farm, we grow Milky Way Einkorn, an accession from the USDA small grains collection. It was collected in 1970 in Vorarlberg, Austria, grown out by 40 growers and bulked as the trials looked promising due to yield.
Like spelt, einkorn is protected from the elements by a hull which doesn’t come free in harvest (unlike the hulls on wheat which do). The removal of the hull prior to milling requires special machinery. Weatherbury is lucky to have a dehuller, built by Farmer Nigel.
Products Milled from Milky Way Einkorn
Milky Way Einkorn is milled into whole unbleached einkorn flour. Einkorn flour can be used in place of whole wheat flour in most dishes from pie crusts to cakes to pancakes to bread.
Rolled Einkorn Flakes offer a new way to start your day.
Einkorn berries (also known as Farro Piccol0), can be used in everything from baked goods to soups and salads or use like rice in a berry bowl.
Health benefits of Einkorn
Einkorn is the most primitive form of wheat on Earth; it has never been hybridized. Thus, einkorn contains only 14 chromosomes; modern wheat contains 42. Einkorn doesn’t have the D chromosome, which may be connected with wheat intolerance. As a result, it is easier to digest and contains more protein and higher levels of fat, phosphorus, pyridoxine, potassium and beta-carotene than modern wheat.
To read more about einkorn flour, please visit our products page.
More information on einkorn and other grains are on the grains we grow page.